Black gums or gum hyperpigmentation may not be very well known, but it can cause serious problems to the people who suffer from it. The most common symptom of gum hyperpigmentation is dark black spots or blotches on the gums that may develop from years of neglecting good oral hygiene and practicing poor eating habits. However, there are ways to cure black gums, so read below to learn more about what causes them and how to treat them.

What Causes Black Gums?

The most common causes of black gums are an inflammation of the gum tissue called peri-otitis, smoking or other harmful habits, long-term use of certain medications such as steroids or anticoagulants, genetics, HIV, or diabetes. Smoking can lead to yellow or dark gums as well as in some cases darker teeth. Anticoagulants also trigger these effects.

Home Remedies For Black Gums:

What are black gums? Black gums occur when the cells that line the gum become activated and produce more pigment. This causes the pigmentation cells to release extra melanin into the area, causing dark spots on the teeth. But why does this happen? The most common reasons for this condition are immune response or food sensitivity. Allergies and chemicals in our environment can also play a role in sensitizing those with black gums.

Professional Treatment For Black Gums:

Getting your gums professionally whitened is one option for solving the problem of black gums. Teeth whitening kits or DIY methods can be tried if you don’t want to get professional help. However, we always recommend using a home teeth whitening kit with caution since they could have severe side effects. Always read instructions carefully and discontinue use if you feel anything more than minor irritation during application or treatment. Home teeth whitening kits may not be the best course of action if you have sensitive teeth or other dental health problems such as tooth decay, cavities, gum disease, loose fillings, etc.

How Long Does It Take To Treat Black Gums?

Overall, gum hyperpigmentation can take around three months or more to fade. However, if it’s not cared for properly with home remedies like brushing the teeth or using a whitening toothpaste, the dark gums could become permanent. For quicker results and not having to worry about long-term dark spots on the gums, a teeth bleaching kit may be purchased at most pharmacies. In addition, when applying any toothpaste be sure to also brush away any residue of excess toothpaste as it can cause staining.

Some Extra Tips On Reducing Risk:

There are ways that you can help avoid getting black gums in the first place, as well as treat them if they do occur. Some helpful tips for prevention include:
-Wearing an over-the-mouth dental dam when brushing your teeth
-Watching your sugar intake (in particular, try to eat foods with less sugar like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains)
-Use a different toothbrush than you use on your tongue or inside of your mouth

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