Diagnosis is the process of determining if a patient has a particular disease. A doctor will prescribe a test to diagnose or rule out a possible disease. With some diseases, it is important to know not only the nature of the disease but also its degree of development. Doctors may need to know the stage of the disease and its progress, whether it is persistent or resolving. Doctors can also use diagnostic tests to assess whether the chosen treatment is effective in preventing disease progression, a method that is already used in the treatment of cancer.

Follow-up aims to see if the disease is under control, a common goal in chronic diseases like diabetes. Chronic diseases cannot be cured, but patients can use medications, hormones, or lifestyle changes to prevent them from getting worse. Monitoring allows the control of these diseases.

Screening consists of examining patients who do not yet show any signs or symptoms of a particular disease to see if it is working well and, if necessary, receiving treatment as soon as possible. These tests are applied to large sections of the population, so they must be simple and inexpensive. Its main purpose is not to diagnose a disease and identify the people who may be involved.

Prognosis allows doctors to assess the likelihood that a patient will develop a disease in the future and then take precautions sooner rather than later. For example, genetic testing looks at a patient’s propensity to develop a disease so that the patient and the doctor can be more careful in identifying the early signs of the disease and taking preventive measures if necessary.

You are tired of treating your ear infection at home and have been doing for a while by keeping a medical tool kit all the time along with you. So, when is the right time to visit a family doctor, and when is an otolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat)?

To help you, here are seven common reasons people need to see an ENT doctor.

Repeated episodes of tonsillitis

Tonsillitis affects both children and adults. If you have a sore throat or tonsillitis, it could mean it’s time to scoop out your almonds and enjoy some ice cream. However, if you have difficulty breathing, swallowing saliva, severe pain, and a high fever, it is a good idea to see an otolaryngologist for a diagnosis and to research treatment options.

Chronic sinusitis

Sinusitis is a common condition in which the cavities around the nasal passages (nipples) become inflamed and swollen despite treatment attempts for at least 12 weeks. If you appear to have chronic sinusitis, your primary care physician will likely refer you to an otolaryngologist.

Recurring ear infections

They are one of the most common reasons that parents take their children to the doctor. Although there are several types of ear infections, the most common are otitis media, which means inflammation and infection in the middle ear (just behind the eardrum). In adults, ear or ear infections can be a sign of throat cancer growth.


An allergic reaction can occur anywhere in the body. These include the skin, eyes, stomach lining, nose, nipples, throat, and lungs. These are the places where the cells of the immune system fight, inhale or ingest the germs that come into contact with the germs.

Hearing loss

This can be a common sign of aging or be associated with recurring ear infections. However, if the hearing loss occurs suddenly, it could be due to a more serious condition. Otolaryngology can help identify causes of sudden hearing loss or whether prescribed an ear scope. The causes of hearing loss include infections, circulatory disorders in the inner ear, such as Meniere’s disease, and other neurological problems.

Roughness lasting more than six weeks

We are all familiar with roughness with a cold or bronchitis. But if it lasts a week or more, it could be another medical problem, such as benign vocal cord lesions or perhaps laryngeal cancer. An otolaryngologist can easily and painfully examine the vocal cords and see if further tests are needed.

Knotty neck (especially in adults)

An otolaryngologist should examine a lump in the neck that lasts more than two weeks. Cancer that begins in the head or neck area may spread to lymph nodes in the neck before moving elsewhere. A lump can be the first sign of cancer of the mouth, throat, thyroid, or certain blood groups.

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